Northern Black Polished Ware - Lanka

Ruhuna - Elephant Srivasta Disk

A Northern Black Polished Ware (NBPW) disk with elephant and srivasta symbols on either side. The NBPW ceramic style known developed from circa 700 to 300 B.C., alongside the formation of regional states and the consolidation of imperial power in Magadha. It is an item with usage yet unidentified found in Akurugoda in area of Tissamaharama. The same combination of symbols is seen in early Sangam age coins.

SPECIFICATIONS
MaterialPottery
TypePolished
Diameter22.3 mm
Thickness3.0 mm
Weight2.10 gms
ShapeCircular
Edgesmooth
DieAxis
ruhuna_elephant_srivasta_disk_obverse ruhuna_elephant_srivasta_disk_reverse
Unpublishedruhuna_elephant_srivasta_disk_edge
Obverse : Elephant facing left with trunk up. Small triangle or hill.
Reverse : Srivasta symbol

This Black Disk looks to me to be like polished slate. In the 1999 catalog by Osmund Bopearachchi and Rajah Wickramasinhe titled Ruhuna. An Ancient Civilization Re-visited , they are listed under Miscellaneous Objects as Black rouletted Ware (N.1-N.6). The symbols are different from those on the Black disks but the same as the lead coin E.17 of the same publication. It was obtained directly from the farmer who dug it out via the same collector who provided most of the items for that book.

The fact the symbols on this Black Disk are frequently found on Lankan coins which makes this a very interesting item. The elephant and Srivatsta are associated in early Sangam age Thamil coins (R. Krishnamurthy 1997 (#211,#212).
The prominent hump on head of Elephant appears to be like from a now extinct spieces found in Lanka. Someone commented to me that the Elephant looks like a dinosaur.

If anyone has information on the age or usage of items like it please let me know details about it. Many have commented that this item looks too smooth to be of ancient fabrication and I think so too. I am very keen on having it analysed.

The coin was scanned at 300 dpi and displayed at 250 dpi. The Edge was scanned at 600 dpi. It was obtained in 2001 December directly from farmer who found it via Mr A. Ratnayaka a collector in Katharagama, Lanka.